Helping to keep children and young people safe in Derby and Derbyshire
Child exploitation relates to forms of child abuse including (but not exclusively) the sexual and criminal exploitation of children under 18 years of age and possibly up to age 25 for children who have Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND)or have previously been in the care of the Local Authority.
Child sexual exploitation (CSE) occurs where a child is persuaded, deceived, coerced or forced into sexual activity by an individual or group in exchange for, amongst other things, money, drugs/alcohol, gifts, affection or status. Consent is irrelevant, even where a child may believe they are voluntarily engaging in sexual activity with the person who is exploiting them. Child sexual exploitation does not always involve physical contact and may occur as online abuse.
Child Criminal exploitation (CCE) is common in county lines and occurs where a child is persuaded, deceived, coerced or forced into criminal activitity by an individual or group in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or (b) for the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator. The victim may have been criminally exploited even if the activity appears consensual. Child criminal exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology.
County lines, is a term used to describe gangs and organised criminal networks involved in exporting illegal drugs into one or more importing areas within the UK, using dedicated mobile phone lines or other form of “deal line”. They are likely to exploit children and vulnerable adults to move and store the drugs and money and they will often use coercion, intimidation, violence (including sexual violence) and weapons. The criminal exploitation of children is, however, broader than just county lines. It also includes, for example, children forced to work on cannabis farms or to commit theft.
There are similarities between these different forms of exploitation and the criminal and sexual exploitation of children may overlap.
Victims of CRE can be from any background, ethnicity or culture and can of any gender. Children who go missing from home or care are at particular risk of risk of exploitation, and the link between children being exploited and going missing from education, home or care is strong and should be explored.
If you are concerned about a child who is at risk of exploitation please refer to the Derby and Derbyshire Safeguarding Children Procedures.
Always discuss your concerns with the senior person in your organisation who is responsible for safeguarding and child protection.
If you are a young person, parent or carer, you can contact Children's Social Care to discuss your concerns on the numbers below.
If you are worried about the immediate exploitation of children and young people, please report it to the police on 999.
Concerns about a child who may be exploited should be reported to;
Derbyshire Children's Social Care on 01629 533190
Police on 101.
Whenever there are concerns about CRE practitioners should use the Derby and Derbyshire CRE Risk Assessment Toolkit (located in the multi-agency safeguarding children procedures document library, assessment tools section) to help assess the levels of risk and the appropriate action to be taken.
Some of the tools can also be downloaded separately:
Every agency has an identified CRE Champion and/or safeguarding lead who will be able to provide CRE advice and support.
You can also contact a Child Protection Manager who can provide advice about concerns about CRE.
The Derby Risk of CRE Offer explains the services that are available in Derby depending of the needs of the young person and the level of risk.
The Derbyshire CRE Partnership Arrangements explains the services that are available and the level of risk
Information for young people attending a sexual exploitation meeting explains what happens at Derby Child Exploitation Meetings, how they can be involved and who will be there.
Sexual Exploitation - Parents explains what happens at Child Exploitation Meetings and how they as parents or carers might be involved.
Safe Speak provide help for children and young people aged 5 - 10 years old and 11 - 18 years old. You can phone Safe Speak on
Safe Speak help children and young people with problems with family, friends, bullying and anything that is causing a worry
Safe and Sound provide support directly to children, young people and families in Derby and Derbyshire affected by the abuse and work to ensure that individuals receive the support they need to move forwards in their lives.
The DDSCP multi-agency training programme includes courses about CRE.
The DDSCP has produced two CSE films 'Lucy's Story' and 'Learning from the Family' which can be used to raise awareness of CSE with staff groups and with older students. The films are available in English, with British Sign Language, Polish and Roma. For more information please see .
A free national gender free CSE resource for primary schools, which includes a film, guidance for professionals and a workbook for pupils. See the BLAST website.
Resources to support Derby secondary school's facilitate Kayleigh's Love Story events with their students are available here.
The way in which agencies have agreed to work together to address child sexual exploitation is outlined in the Derby and Derbyshire Safeguarding Children Partnerships Children at Risk of Exploitation Strategy and reported annually:
Agencies in Derby have signed up to the national 'Say something if you see something' campaign. This campaign, set up by the Children's Society in partnership with the National Working Group has been devised to assist licensed premises to protect children and young people (under 18's) from sexual exploitation, trafficking and other forms of child abuse.
In Derbyshire the responsible authorities (Police, Safeguarding Children Boards, Licensing and Trading Standards, and Environmental Health) and the local licensed trade will work together to have safe and reputable premises where children and young people using those facilities are protected.
'Say something if you see something' resources:
For further information about this campaign, please contact the CSE Child Protection Manager tel: 01332 642376.
A learning review was carried out following a police operation which lead to the arrest and prosecution of 12 males for sexually exploiting girls in Derby. The Learning Review Summary: Operation Kern 2013 sets out the findings of the review.
Department for Education guidance outlining the definition of CSE, potential vulnerabilities and indicators of abuse and appropriate action to take.
Pace helps parents across the UK understand what is happening to their child and how parents are the prime agents in helping their child exit exploitative relationships.
The NWG (formerly The National Working Group for Sexually Exploited Children and Young People) is a Charitable organisation formed as a UK network of over 12 000 practitioners who disseminate information down through their services, to professionals working on the issue of child sexual exploitation (CSE) and trafficking within the UK.
The NWG Network covers voluntary and statutory services and private companies working in this field. NWG offer support, advice and raise the profile, provide updates, training, share national developments, influence the development of national and local policy informed by practice.
The Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse have produced a number of short key message from research bringing together current research on CSE and the implications for practice and commissioning.
Health Education England has produced a video aimed at helping health and social care professionals to spot possible signs of child sexual exploitation (CSE). This shows a range of health professionals in a variety of settings interacting with a vulnerable young person presenting with the warning signs of someone at risk of child sexual exploitation.
Resources from BASIS and York University featuring real life stories of young people moving on from CSE and their advice for young people, parents, carers and professionals.
A report from Barnardo's about how CSE can affect all children, including those with disabilities, regardless of their gender identity, sexuality, ethnicity, faith or economic background.
The Children's Society have produced resources on how to keep Gypsy, Roma and Traveller children safe from CSE.